Complete genome sequence of Pyrolobus fumarii type strain (1AT)

Markus Göker, Matt Nolan, Susan Lucas, Nancy Hammon, Shweta Deshpande, Jan-Fang Cheng, Roxanne Tapia, Cliff Han, Lynne Goodwin, Sam Pitluck, Marcel Huntemann, Konstantinos Liolios, Natalia Ivanova, Ioanna Pagani, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Galina Ovchinnikova, Amrita Pati, Amy Chen, Krishna Palaniappan, Miriam Land, Loren Hauser, Evelyne Brambilla, Harald Huber, Montri Yasawong, Manfred Rohde, Stefan Spring, Birte Abt, Johannes Sikorski, Reinhard Wirth, John C. Detter, Tanja Woyke, James Bristow, Jonathan A. Eisen, Victor Markowitz, Philip Hugenholtz, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Hans-Peter Klenk, Alla Lapidus


Pyrolobus fumarii Blöchl et al. 1997 is the type species of the genus Pyrolobus, which belongs to the crenarchaeal family Pyrodictiaceae. The species is a facultatively microaerophilic non-motile crenarchaeon. It is of interest because of its isolated phylogenetic location in the tree of life and because it is a hyperthermophilic chemolithoautotroph known as the primary producer of organic matter at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. P. fumarii exhibits currently the highest optimal growth temperature of all life forms on earth (106°C). This is the first completed genome sequence of a member of the genus Pyrolobus to be published and only the second genome sequence from a member of the family Pyrodictiaceae. Although Diversa Corporation announced the completion of sequencing of the P. fumarii genome on September 25, 2001, this sequence was never released to the public. The 1,843,267 bp long genome with its 1,986 protein-coding and 52 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.



hyperthermophile, chemolithoautotroph, facultative microaerophilic, non-motile, hydrothermal solfataric vents, black smoker, Pyrodictiaceae, GEBA

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